Dry hair is a common clinical condition that causes a lot of discomfort for those who experience it. When hair is dry, the top concern is what to do with dry hair. However, understanding the causes of dry hair plays an important role in preventing and improving hair quality.

1. Common causes of dry hair


Dry hair is caused by the scalp not producing enough oil to moisturize the hair or the hair losing moisture. Hair does not have the ability to naturally lubricate itself. The amount of oil secreted from the roots plays a role in moisturizing the hair and making it look shiny.

Sometimes, hair doesn’t produce enough oil, causing it to become dry. The hair roots compensate by producing more oil, which outwardly manifests itself as greasy hair. Hair produces less oil in older people due to the aging process. However, because the hair roots are under the skin, arid hair often comes with a dry scalp. When dry, the scalp flakes and causes dandruff.
Hair moisture can also be lost, causing arid hair. Every healthy hair has a protective layer called the cuticle. The cuticle layer covers the outside and is responsible for protecting the hair from the harmful effects of sunlight and heat. A healthy epidermis will consist of many layers that are close together and maintain moisture inside. When the cuticles separate and peel, the cuticle’s ability to retain moisture is reduced and leads to dry, brittle hair.
Some causes that can potentially destroy your hair include:
  • Using a lot of strong detergents or using them multiple times causes the natural oils in the hair to not be protected.
  • Blow-drying your hair too often, especially when using hair styling products that contain alcohol.
  • Use regular hair stylers such as hair straighteners or curling irons.
  • Hair is exposed to sunlight, wind or arid air.


Why is your hair dry?
Excessive exposure to sunlight causes hair to become arid
  • Using many chemicals that are harmful to hair such as dyes, perms,…

2. What to do with hair dryness?


Some simple solutions to help protect hair from dryness include:

  • Wash your hair less. Hair should be washed clean of dirt once or twice a week instead of every day as many people do. In addition, when you no longer wash your hair regularly, the frequency of hair drying and styling also decreases.
  • Use gentle shampoos specifically designed for arid hair because they will have fewer chemical ingredients that dry out hair.
  • Use hair chemicals that do not contain alcohol.
  • After using shampoo, use moisturizing conditioner. Moisturizing conditioner will help protect the cuticle and retain the hair’s natural oils.
  • Massage your scalp with coconut oil or jojoba oil.

After trying all the above methods, if your arid hair condition does not improve, you should seek advice from a hair stylist for advice on other specialized treatments. In addition, if dry hair appears along with other symptoms such as fatigue, poor cold tolerance, weak limbs or hair loss, the patient should see a doctor to rule out other possible systemic diseases.

Source: Webmd.com

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